Based on city plans, mobility demand is expected to grow by 11% by 2030 while CO2 emissions
are forecasted to decrease
by 6%, driven by greater electric vehicle adoption and increased metro ridership.
And yet, Singapore remains off track to reaching the 1.5°C target by 2030. Singapore’s carbon-intensive energy sector is heavily reliant on natural gas, and the city-state had a late uptake of electric vehicles despite a goal to phase out of gasoline-powered cars by 2040. Limited land availability is a challenge for Singapore’s ability to scale renewable energy, although hydrogen imports are being considered.
Its Green Plan 2030 demonstrates Singapore’s ambitious and concrete agenda to improve its carbon footprint trajectory. Goals include a 75% public transit modal share, a 50% EV bus penetration, a 360-kilometer (224 miles) rail network expansion, and broadened solar energy usage.
However, Singapore’s commitments to address transport emissions are still roughly 2.2 MtCO2e short of the target,
requiring an additional 60% decrease in emissions on top of current government commitments by 2030 to stay within 1.5°C of warming.